cynuit and landscape priddy cheddar wookey axbridge banwell Worlebury Camp weston brentknoll bridgewater the levels archer athelney abbeys wells sheptonmallet ilcestre cadbury bury bristoll brislington keynsham bath wellow stantondrew watchet bats castle dunster dunkerry
Home Previous Next

the agent which causes death asiant sy'n achosi marwolaeth

Slayer =  llofrudd

                      'Murderer's spring/stream'.the agent which causes death asiant sy'n achosi marwolaeth

Murderers were often drowned in streams, but it has been suggested that in this case that spring or stream in questioned was considered poisoned or contaminated.

Elements and their meanings

bana (Old English) A slayer; the agent which causes death.

wella (Anglian) A spring, a stream

.aloud for a complete investigation and thorough planning. Another Cleeve Abbey, almost, is perhaps asking to be added to our national treasures.

UPHILL (D., Opopille—? Hubba s Creek: cf. Pylle, Pille=creek. The Knoll close by explains the popular corruption).—The only thing “uphill” is the remains of the originally Norman church on the end of the knoll. There is a ferry (6d.) across the Axe to Brean Down. The chief interest of Uphill is purely anti­quarian. It is fairly certain that under the name of Axium this was the harbour from which much of the produce of the Roman lead mines on Mendip was exported.

 The land route was by the road which has been traced for fifty-five miles from Uphill to Old Sarum, near Salisbury.

 It is a pretty piece of road between Bleadon Hill, practically Mendip end, and the sea flats.

Just beyond Bleadon village a bridge crosses the Axe, and a minute later on the left Crook’s Peak opens up, as it looks across to the group of pines that marks out Bleadon Down.

BANWELL — About five miles E. of Weston is Banwell;

but the most effective way to see this picturesque village leaning up against Ms island hillock is to approach it from the N. across the flats, when there comes into view a noble lofty church and an old turreted building to the E. of it. Ilanwell is quite rich in interest: it has, besides the < liurch and old manor-house, a prehistoric camp, a trackway, called a Roman road, a mysterious turf i ioss, and some caves. It is, moreover, the site of a in son monastery given by Alfred to Asser, like Congrcsbury.

The church is fine. Its tower, with

three miles S. of Congresbury is Churchill, under the prehistoric camp of Dolebury. There is another Camp at Dinghurst, W. of the Bristol road, and two miles W. of that yet another at Banwell. Nearly every convenient promontory hill hereabouts seems to have been fortified before the Romans came. The village is very pleasing. In the church, the north aisle has a good roof and there are carved bench-ends and a squint, and on the floor of the S. aisle is a brass (i 5 72) to Ralph Jenyns and his wife. It is said that these were the ancestors of the Sarah Jennings who became Duchess of Marlborough, and that the Duke was descended from the Churchills of the old mansion of Churchill. But I cannot vouch for this story. Dolebury Camp is to the E. of the curve in the Bristol road before it forks to Shipham and Sidcot. It is a very remarkable work on the summit of the hill, some 20 acres in extent, the defences consisting on the N. side of two fosses and two valla, “a double line of gigantic stone embankment”, says Mr Hadrian Allcroft, “some 550 yards in length, representing a truly enormous amount of labour. On the southern side the hill is so steep that one vallum only was deemed sufficient protection”. At the Eastern end, the weakest part, the two valla reappear and reach “an amazing size”. The entrances are W. and N.E. I nside, the camp area is divided by four parallel banks, but these are quite possibly comparatively recent work. Generations of miners have dug here for minerals. Leland quotes an old rhyme:

“If Doleberie dygged were,

Of golde shuld be the share”.